1 Some of this work is carried out, and all of it is informed by my interactions with Mark Steedman, Norm Badler, Catherine Pelachaud, and the students of the Gesture-Jack group at the University of Pennsylvania, and Scott Prevost, Kris Thórisson, Hannes Vilhjalmsson, and the other members of the Gesture and Narrative Language group at the MIT Media Laboratory.

2 Square brackets indicate the extent of the hand gesture with respect to speech.

3 Boldface type indicates pitch accents (stressed words).

4 This example -- as with the earlier examples from Lucinda's life -- is fictive, but constructed on the basis of an intimate and long-term association with how-to gestures, instructions concerning old home renovation, and caulk guns.

5 The following terminological distinction is useful here: I will refer to speech as linguistic, manipulations of objects as action, and hand movements that do not interact with objects in the real world as gestures.

6 The interpretation of passage from action to symbol (as well as the idea of looking for examples of this movement in home improvement TV shows) is from Streeck, 1995.