Resolving multipath interference in time-of-flight imaging via modulation frequency diversity and sparse regularization

Ayush Bhandari, Achuta Kadambi, Refael Whyte, Christopher Barsi, Micha Feigin, Adrian Dorrington, Ramesh Raskar


Time-of-flight (ToF) cameras calculate depth maps by reconstructing phase shifts of amplitude-modulated signals. For broad illumination of transparent objects, reflections from multiple scene points can illuminate a given pixel, giving rise to an erroneous depth map. We report here a sparsity-regularized solution that separates 𝐾K interfering components using multiple modulation frequency measurements. The method maps ToF imaging to the general framework of spectral estimation theory and has applications in improving depth profiles and exploiting multiple scattering.

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