Dissertation Title: Social Change through Community Innovation: Feminist and Participatory Design Approaches to Organizing Inclusive, Equitable, and Joyful Hackathons
In this dissertation, I explore the potential for social impact hackathons to support meaningful social change. Hackathons — a long-running community practice within open-source groups, hackerspaces, technology companies, and educational settings — remain a popular style of gathering for those engaged with technology, design, and innovation work. Over the past twenty years, hackathons have also been embraced by the social change sector as a means of developing possible solutions to social issues. However, skeptics point out numerous shortcomings of hackathons, including poor problem-selection, diversity and inclusion issues around who participates, the exploitation of unpaid labor, their limited impact, and the dangers of positing purely technological solutions to sociotechnical issues.
At the same time, hackathons have enormous potential as a participatory approach to both technology development and problem solving. They bring people together around a common cause, help contribute to participant skill and identity development, and have an impact on media narratives around an issue.
Rather than abandoning the hackathon as a social form, this dissertation examines how the union of feminist values and participatory design approaches can mitigate these critiques and help hackathons live up to their many potentials, including as a means of making space for community innovation at centers of technology innovation. To explore this, I present four case studies of iterations on the 2014 “Make the Breast Pump Not Suck” Hackathon held over the past seven years, including one event held virtually in response to COVID-19. Drawing on these case studies, I present design tenets and principles for hackathon organizers that can be used to design events that are inclusive, equitable, and joyful.
Mitchel Resnick, Ph.D.
LEGO Papert Professor of Learning Research
MIT Media Lab
Associate Professor, Director of Institute for Digital Public Infrastructure
University of Massachusetts, Amherst
Danielle Wood, Ph.D.
Assistant Professor, Director of Space Enabled Research Group
MIT Media Lab
Michelle Millar Fisher, M.A. & M.Phil.
Ronald C. and Anita L. Wornick Curator of Contemporary Decorative Arts
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston