ChainFORM is a modular hardware system for designing linear shape-changing interfaces. Each module is developed based on a servo motor with added flexible circuit board, and is capable of touch detection, visual output, angular sensing, and motor actuation. Moreover, because each module can communicate with other modules linearly, it allows users and designers to adjust and customize the length of the interface. Using the functionality of the hardware system, we propose a wide range of applications, including line-based shape changing display, reconfigurable stylus, rapid prototyping tool for actuated crafts, and customizable haptic glove. We conducted a technical evaluation and a user study to explore capabilities and potential requirements for future improvement.

Research Topics
#human-computer interaction