We present an interactive shape-changing display—Dancing Membrane of the reSpire- using the deformation of fabric and airflow control. To explore the new way of rendering an organic and natural experience with the shape-changing display, we have been experimenting with different types of fabric that can give soft textures.
In order to create and control the local deformation of fabric, we developed a 6-DOF variable diameter nozzle platform which enables us to control the direction and pressure of airflow. By controlling those, we were able to create variable sizes of fabric deformation and vibration of fabric with the computed simulation results. The computational model we created allowed us to predict the responsive dynamic motion of fabric to the airflow. For the next step, we hope to exhibit it as an interactive art installation—as well as a shape-changing display in general for games, projection mapping with organic textures, and create a library of different types of fabric interacting with airflow for a computational simulation model.