Ken Nakagaki, Sean Follmer, Hiroshi Ishii


We propose a novel shape-changing interface that consists of a single line. Lines have several interesting characteristics from the perspective of interaction design: abstractness of data representation; a variety of inherent interactions/affordances; and constraints such as boundaries or borderlines. By using such aspects of lines together with added transformation capability, we present various applications in different scenarios: shape-changing cords, mobiles, body constraints, and data manipulation to investigate the design space of line-based shape-changing interfaces.