Designing ScratchJr: Support for Early Childhood Learning Through Computer Programming

Louise Flannery, Elizabeth Kazakoff, Paula Bonta, Brian Silverman, Marina Bers, Mitchel Resnick


ScratchJr is a graphical programming language based on Scratch and redesigned for the unique developmental and learning needs of children in kindergarten to second grade. The creation of ScratchJr addresses the relative lack of powerful technologies for digital creation and computer programming in early childhood education. ScratchJr will provide software for children to create interactive, animated stories as well as curricula and online resources to support adoption by educators. This paper describes the goals and challenges of creating a developmentally appropriate programming tool for children ages 5-7 and presents the path from guiding principles and studies with young children to current ScratchJr designs and plans for future work.

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