Publication

Education, structural change and economic development

Oct. 1, 2016

Groups

Saviotti, Pier Paolo, Andreas Pyka, and Bogang Jun. "Education, structural change and economic development." Structural Change and Economic Dynamics 38 (2016): 55-68.

Abstract

In this paper we explore the role that can be played by education in economic development using a model called TEVECON. Within the population of our economic system we distinguish two different social classes which differ for their level and quality of education and, as a consequence, for their human capital, wages and income per head. We vary the investment in education as a share of total investment, the share of investment in education allocated to each social class, and the quality of education each class receives. We show that while education can exert a positive effect on social mobility by increasing the population share of the upper social class it also leads to a tradeoff between income inequality and the rate of growth of income. These results are obtained based only on education and do not take into account any wealth effects.

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