Multimodal Ambulatory Sleep Detection

Chen, W.*, Sano, A.*, Lopez, D., Taylor, S., McHill, A. W., Phillips, A. J. K., Barger, L. K., Klerman, E. B., and Picard, R. W., "Multimodal Ambulatory Sleep Detection," In Proc. IEEE International Conference on Biomedical and Health Informatics (BHI), Orlando, Florida, pp. 465-468, 2017. (*equal contribution)


Inadequate sleep affects health in multiple ways. Unobtrusive ambulatory methods to monitor long-term sleep patterns in large populations could be useful for health and policy decisions. This paper presents an algorithm that uses multimodal data from smartphones and wearable technologies to detect sleep/wake state and sleep episode on/offset. We collected 5580 days of multimodal data and applied recurrent neural networks for sleep/wake classification, followed by cross-correlation-based template matching for sleep episode on/offset detection. The method achieved a sleep/wake classification accuracy of 96.5%, and sleep episode on/offset detection F1 scores of 0.85 and 0.82, respectively, with mean errors of 5.3 and 5.5 min, respectively, when compared with sleep/wake state and sleep episode on/offset assessed using actigraphy and sleep diaries.

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