Processing Conditions and Aging Effect on the Morphology of PZT Electrospun Nanofibers, and Dielectric Properties of the Resulting 3–3 PZT P

Alkoy, E.M., Dagdeviren, C., Papila, M.,. Journal of American Ceramic Society, 92(11), 2566-2570, 2009.


Lead zirconate titanate (PZT) nanofibers are obtained by electrospinning a sol–gel based solution and polyvinyl pyrrolidone (PVP) polymer, and by subsequent sintering of the electrospun precursor fibers. The average diameter of the precursor PZT/PVP green fibers has increased with the aging of the precursor solution along with an increase in the viscosity. Bead-free uniform green PZT/PVP fibers were collected at about an B230 nm average fiber diameter using a 28 wt% PVP ratio solution with a viscosity of 290 mPa. Shrinkage of 40% was recorded on the fiber diameter after sintering. The X-ray diffraction pattern of the annealed PZT fibers exhibits no preferred orientation and a perovskite phase. Preparation of 3–3 nanocomposites by the infusion of polyvinylester into the nanofiber mat facilitates successful handling of the fragile mats and enables measurements of the dielectric properties. The dielectric constant of the PZT/polyvinylester nanocomposite of about 10% fiber volume fraction was found to be fairly stable and vary from 72 to 62 within the measurement range. The dielectric loss of the composite is below 0.08 at low frequencies and reaches a stable value of 0.04 for most of the measured frequencies.

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